Linux Root System Directory - Ls (List Listing) Command Examples - Fast Suggestions

Linux Root System Directory - Ls (List Listing) Command Examples - Fast Suggestions

Itemizing the Linux root Directory Contents - A System Listing Beneath The / Directory

The listing named "root", is situated under the / directory and is one of the many Linux system directories, resembling boot, bin, sbin and and many others which are located below the / directory.

Now take a look at the contents of the /root listing contents and be taught what Linux uses this listing for.

Listing the System Directories and the /root Directory - Linux ls Command Examples

The next ls command uses the "sample" of r* to listing all directories beginning with r and makes use of the options of -l (lengthy) and -d (directories solely).

$ ls -ld /r*

This command exhibits the /root listing, which is the "dwelling" listing of the person named root.

Linux Instructions Training Suggestions: The basis consumer is also known as the Superuser and sometimes that is abbreviated as su. The Linux su and sudo commands are used at the command line immediate to change from working as a "non-root" consumer to working as the basis user.

Viewing the Contents in the root Directory

Now look at the contents of the house listing of the Superuser.

$ ls -la /root

In case you are not logged in as the basis consumer, you will note a message much like "permission denied" as a result of you don't have entry to this path.

Run the su command with the - (dash) option to do the equivalent of logging in as the basis consumer (until you might be using Ubuntu or a variation of this distro).

Or, run the sudo command with the -i option to do the identical as above if you are using Ubuntu, Kubuntu or another variation of this distro.

Your prompt could show a ~ to symbolize the home listing of the present person (as a substitute of the name of the present directory).

The pwd command beneath displays the "path to working directory" (which is the present listing).

Now use a ; (semicolon) to run two commands without delay and checklist the contents of the present directory after which see the path to it.

$ ls -la ; pwd

The -l for "long" and -a for "all" (together with hidden information) options are used above to see each file within the root person's residence directory.

Now run the same command, but with out the -a option, to see solely the "non-hidden" files.

Press the up arrow key and then backspace to take away the -a choice after which press Enter to run the command.

$ cd /root ; ls -l

The basis Dwelling Listing of the Consumer By the Identical Identify

Instantly after putting in some Linux distributions, this listing may be completely empty - and on others, there may be plenty of files, including configuration files.

For instance, after putting in Purple Hat Linux, /root comprises a file named anaconda.cfg that is used to configure set up settings and likewise a number of hidden recordsdata which might be prefixed with a dot that configure the Linux desktop.

The Linux root system directory ideas and command examples shown right here apply to ALL Linux distributions, including SUSE, openSUSE, Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora, Slackware and Red Hat Linux.

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